dystopia (dis-TO-pee-uh) noun
An imaginary place where everything is very bad, as from oppression, disease, deprivation, etc.
[From Greek dys- (bad) + utopia (an ideal place). Modeled after Utopia, the word utopia is from Greek ou (not) + topos (place).]
The above is as per Anu Garg.
No my break up is as follows:
a. Utopia -> Ut+ op + ia -> Uta + up + ia -> Uta + Upa + ia -> Uta + Upa + Ay
Remember Sanskrit does not have build in "a" sound but English has - that is why
Ram becomes Rama.
Adjective form in English - Uta + Upa + Ay + Ia and in Sanskrit it is
Uta + Upa + Ay + Iya -> Uta + Upa + Ay + Yya -> Uta + Upa + Ay + ya -> Uta + Upa
+ Aya (In -> Utopa + Ia -> Utopia. We have followed all Sanskrit rules here.
"I" is the root for to go. So it becomes "y" and "ay" and "ya" - by Samprasanna
rule, which is the degradation rule of a vowel - going reverse from stronger version
to weaker version.
"Ut" means Up or Above, "Up" means Going Away, Towards, and Ay means going. Heaven
is an Utopia where all things are going smoothly.
In Sanskrit and Hindi there is a word called "Upaaya" which means Method or Means.
"Torwards" + "Going" - so it is not breaking any rules or meanings either in English
b. Dystopia - Dys + ta + Up + Ia/Ay (we will not explain now the last part).
Dys - > same as Dus (vowel corruption) - meaning bad.
ta -> One rule is when Siblants from Dental, Palatal and Cerebral sounds meet a soft
sound like that of a vowel, than it would need "ta" sound.
c. Ethiopia - > Iti + aa + Up + Ia -> Thus + Utopia or Upaya - > It is said that
Ethiopia was at one time a very rich land with a lot of Gold that was supplied to Egypt.
d. Myopia - bad vision or can not see things far away -> Ma + i + Upia -> Not + Go +
Basically the word 'Maya" is connected here, which means that whish is not real.
:Ma + Aya+ iya" - Not + Goes/Moves + Ness - > That is Maya!
e. Amblyopia -> Lazy Eye -> A + Ma + Bhl + Iya + Up + Ia - There are two adjectives and two compounds. Now "B" becomes "Bh" with aspiration rule observed. Now vowels R (ri), RR (rii), and LR (lri) are interchangable with tendency of dropping LR into R more often as the time progressed. So it becomes A + Ma + BhR + Iya" -> Not + Not + Moves/Expands/ Support/Grown/Bear + Adjective Suffix in Sanskrit. Mind it "Bhr" is connected to "Bhar" in Hindi, which is to Fill, "Bharat" as the ancient name of India, which is "One that has Supported or Grown Big", "BhRt" or "Brother", which means "one who grows with you and supports you", "Brat" - taking a vulgur meaning of "someone out of control", and also connected with Breast, Bra, and Bear. In Sanskrit sometimes two negatives are used to come to a deeper and subtle opposite meaning. So here it means an "eye" that is dysfunctional!
f. Asthenopia -> Red/Irritable/Bothering Eye -> A + Stha + Ina + Up + Ia. Again this is a compound of two Adjectives. We focus on the first Compound. "Ina" is also a suffix for Adjective or Adverb Noun (that modifies a Noun to a different but related Noun) like "Namak" and "Namakin". So it means "Not + Stable + Ness", which means what it means.
g. Hyperopia - Long sightedness - one who can not see near. "Hi + A + Per + Ut + Up + Ia". "Per" is from room "Pri" - which means capable or able. "Pri" becoms "Pir" by one of the rules, and it then becomes a strong version, as "Per". Also it is same as "Hi + A + Ap + Per + Ut + Up + Ia". Here the two "As" and "Ps" which are together we coalesce by one of the rules, and it means opposite of "Ut" or "Away", which is "Down", "Back", or "Near". So it becomes "Even + Not + Near + Capable + Away + Towards + Go + Suffix for Adjective".
h. Presbyopia - Eye vision problems with progression of age. Pra + iS + BhR + Up + Ia. We will skip the rules as they are repeated before and also skip the last suffix. So it becomes "Pra + iS + Bhri" -> "Pra + iS + Bhir" -> "Pra + iS + Bir". Cereberal 'S' will become palatal "sh" and "r" can optionally dropped as it is serving as silent "h" or Visarga, which is also "s", "sh" and "ch" and also joining a soft sound which is a vowel. Like Ramah and Rama. So it means "Self Forth/Forward + Pourout/ Castaway /Discharge + Support". We can see the meaning comes close.
i. Sophia - Su + Pha + Ia -> Su + Pa + Ia -> "Good" + "Begotten" Which
means one who is bestowed with good virtues.