Wednesday, July 30, 2014

The Etymology of Zoroaster or Zarathustra as "Sun Rise Agent or Rising Sun".

How do you explain the folk etymology of the name “Zoroaster” or “Zarathustra” is from zaraϑa, "golden", and the *uštra, "light" (from the root Sanskrit and Avestan uš, "to shine")" - Reference 0. 

This description fits with the Iconic Image of Zoraster as Anthropomorphized Winged Sun, e.g. flying Sun as human form.

 Sanskrit "sh" becomes Persian "z". With this I showed a newer meaning of Zoraustar as s(h)aur (related to sun) + ustra (rising) which rhymed with his Icon/Image of Anthropomorphic Winged Sun - Reference #5 and #0 - (and not meaning an Old Came because it is "jar (old) + uusT (camel)"

My way to parse the word:
Zoroaster = Sh au ra + usta + ar = Shuara + Usta + Agent Noun = Sun/Solar Principle Rising Agent.

Another way to parse the word:
Zoroaster = jar + uuST = Withered/Aged/Old Camel.

Avestan root “zar” is connected with gold, as seen in the following Avestan words, Reference #1:

zaranaênem [zaranaêna] - 7 (A) n. golden, of gold (k203)
zaranaêne - 14 (mL, nN)
zaranim [zaranya] - 5 (nNA) golden, of gold; gold (k204)
zaranyô-aiwidhânahe [zaranyô-aiwidhâna] - 5 (mG) with a golden caparison (saddle blanket) (k204)
Urdu (Persian) Word "jari" means gold work on fabric.

The question is where do you place the Persian “z” sound in the Sanskrit Alphabets.  It would be shown that the Persian “z” sound is connected with Sanskrit “sh” sound.

(1)   The connection between English Jesus, Sanskrit Ishaa and Persian Izaa is already known. 

(2)   Where will you place "z" sound from Avesta Sibilant Series:  "s z š ṣ̌ ž" - mapped to Devanagari's?

Avesta Alphabets:
a ā ə ə̄ e ē o ō å ą i ī u ū
k g γ x xʷ č ǰ t d δ ϑ t̰ p b β f
ŋ ŋʷ ṇ ń n m y w r s z š ṣ̌ ž h 

Devnagri Transliteration
śa za sha sa Sa
ṣa Sa Sha .sa za
sa sa sa sa sa
ha ha ha ha ha

It seems they are also accounting for compound Sibilants, "kS" as "ṣ̌" and "ksh" as "ž" - with Cerebral and Palatal sibilants - or reverse, depending on how we write, left to right or right to left.
In modern Hindi Alphabets, I have seen "ksh" added to the series of alphabets, and in Sanskrit literature, it is used as an overloaded "ksh" and "kS". It is like the overloading of "m" or "*"  (anuswar) sound where the different nasal sound gets morphed because of Sound Combination or Sanskrit Sandhi rules.

Then people place "Palatal, Cerebral, Dental" sibilants in order, like in Avestan, and some may do the reverse order, like "Dental, Cerebral, Paltalt". It could be because of left to right (Devnagri) and right to left (Avesta) writing systems. 

Simple fonts with high or low diacritic marks are usually meant for Dental "s", and then Palatal "sh". Over and under Diacritic marks are for "sh" and "Sh" - Palatal and Cerebral Sibilants.
So I am parsing "s z š ṣ̌ ž" as "Dental 's', Palatal 'sh', Cerebral S, Compound Palatal 'sh', and Compound Cerebral "kS".

(3) In description of Avestan Yasnas,Reference #2, shows "s", "z" are connected and can be confused with "j(n)", as seen here: "The Yasna (from yazišn "worship, oblations", cognate with Sanskrit yajña), is the primary liturgical collection, named after the ceremony at which it is recited".
The Gujrathi/Saurasthra Script based Translation of Yasna/Yazna may have corrected the word to Vedic yajña, and this may have been the basis to take "z" as "j", which does not apply universally.

(4) In Hindu Mythology, Gods were always shown with halo lights or golden lights. And how "su" becomes "so", etc. and in English it becomes "sovereign" and in Sanskrit it is "sauvaRN" - Reference #3. The English “sovereign" means gold coin or supreme ruler, and both are true. Gold was equated to Money, Power and Sun.

Sun Principle is a God Principle in Vedic Times, and even till recent times, and epithet for Lord, Indra, Intellect, Valor, Brilliance, etc

Meaning of "sauvaRaN":

सौवर्ण [p= 1255,2] [L=253942] mf(ई , or आ)n. (fr. सु-वर्ण , of which it is also the वृद्धि form in comp.) made or consisting of gold , golden S3rS. Ya1jn5. MBh. &c

सौवर्ण [L=253943] weighing a सु-वर्ण W.
सौवर्ण [L=253944] containing the word सुवर्ण g. विमुक्ता*दि
(H1B) सौवर्ण [L=253945] m. a कर्ष of gold MBh.
(H1B) सौवर्ण [L=253946] m. a gold ear-ring L.
(H1B) सौवर्ण [L=253947] n. gold MBh. 

And anything connected with Sun or Gold is "saurya" and "ya" is dropped, and becomes "saur" - Reference "4".

Meaning of "saurya":

(H2) सौर्य [p= 1254,3] [L=253827]mf(सौर्/ई or सौर्या)n. (fr. सूर्य , of which it is also the वृद्धि form in comp.) relating or belonging to the sun , solar Br. Gr2S3rS. &c
[L=253828](fr. सूर) g. संकाशा*दि
(H2B) सौर्य [L=253829]m. a son of the sun Pras3nUp. Sch.
(H2B) सौर्य [L=253830]m. patr. of several Vedic ऋषिs RAnukr.
(H2B) सौर्य [L=253831]m. a year L.
(H2B) सौर्य [L=253832]n. N. of two summits of the हिमा*लय Pat.
(H2B) सौर्य [L=253833]n. of a town , Kaiy.

Meaning of "saura":

(H1) सौर 1 [p= 1254,2] [L=253758] mfn. (fr. सुरा) consisting of spirituous liquor , S3rS.
(H1) सौर 2 [p= 1254,3] [L=253759] mf(ई)n. (fr. 1. सूर and सूर्य ; in some meanings perhaps fr. सुर) relating or belonging or sacred to or coming from &c the sun or the god सूर्य , solar MaitrUp. MBh. &c [L=253760] celestial , divine W.
(H1B) सौर 2 [L=253761] m. a worshipper of the sun MBh. Prab. ( RTL. 342)
(H1B) सौर 2 [L=253762] m. " son of the Sun " , N. of the planet Saturn VarBr2S.
(H1B) सौर 2 [L=253763] m. N. of the 20th कल्प (q.v.)
(H1B) सौर 2 [L=253764] m. a solar day (while the sun is in one degree of the ecliptic) W. a solar month (consisting of 30 risings and setting of the sun or the period during which the sun is in one sign of the zodiac) W.
(H1B) सौर 2 [L=253765] m. a representation of a solar zodiacal sign used at marriage ceremonies MW.
(H1B) सौर 2 [L=253766] m. coriander L.
(H1B) सौर 2 [L=253767] m. Zanthoxylon Alatum L.
(H1B) सौर 2 [L=253768] m. N. of a Guru MW.
(H1B) सौर 2 [L=253770] m. patr. of तपती (the mother of कुरु ; also called वैवस्वती) MBh.
(H1B) सौर 2 [L=253771] m. a cow Hcat.
(H1B) सौर 2 [L=253772] m. Polanisia Icosandra L.
(H1B) सौर 2 [L=253773] n. a collection of hymns addressed to सूर्य (extracted from the ऋग्-वेद) Cat.
(H1B) सौर 2 [L=253774] n. the right eye Gal.
(H1B) सौर 2 [L=253775] n. N. of a सामन् बृहत्-सौर) A1rshBr.
(H1B) सौर 2 [L=253776] n. N. of wk. (prob. = सौर-पुराण) Kap. Sch.

(4) It is well know fact that "s" and "sh" sound get confused.  Something related to Sun, is Saurya with next graded vowel sound. And Shaurya is bravery. Saurya is conencted with Golden, Brilliance, Intellect, Wisdon and even Courage.

(5) Persians and Vedic people were one and around 10,000 BC they split over Iconic or Idol Worship -.or Polytheism, though Vedic people acknowledge One God Many Expressions. But they were still intermingling in important functions. This is based on some Bengali Academician who I have to search for now but recall reading this. It could explain one reason why Parsis from Persian settled in Gujarat because they felt comfortable and had some knowledge of people from Saurashtra.

Again the words had usual two meanings, one for the common folks and one for the erudite.


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Friday, July 25, 2014

"sovereign" and "sauvaran" or "sovaRaN" - Gold Covered or Supreme Ruler

All gods in Rig Veda are being qualified with word "Sovran" which in English could mean sovereign but it could also mean "sauvaran" or "sovaRaN", meaning "gold covered" or "made of Gold".

Interestingly meaning of "sovereign" is also a gold coin, besides supreme ruler or Lord.

Indra is also called "Sovran".

Sun worship was prelevant in Middle East and it remains has the bearing in the country Syria which Arabs call "Suriya".

Whose attributes are Gold would be Rich and Powerful - and a Supreme Ruler.